Like most New Year’s, 2017 was about overcoming obstacles, making a fresh start and filled with optimism and a sense of organization. Then a cold blast of winter hit our area leaving the city shut down. Cars were abandoned along the roads and highways, stuck in their driveways, and parking garages were leaving many people feeling like a hostage and some happy to have the excuse to stay home. I drive a 4×4 truck that could handle just about anything, and it did, except for the hill outside the apartment complex that had turned into a sheet of ice. As I slid down the hill, I eased the nose end of my truck toward the curb where the deep snow remained. The deep snow helped me to gain the traction I needed and safely approach the stop sign.

Overcoming obstacles became the theme as the cold weather continued for days here in the Pacific Northwest, and finally, relief came in the form of rain, and more rain. Temperatures increased, and the snow has melted from the streets.

What happened to me during this time was a feeling of dis-ease. I felt a sense of loss, fatigue, and some old fears surfaced. I found myself wanting to hibernate and eat more carb-loaded foods that are laden with the white powdery stuff of sugar, creating a host of opportunities in overcoming obstacles. Egad! I longed for warmer weather, the sunshine, and some peace of mind.

Although I started out not being in the best of mind frames, I decided it was a perfect time to take advantage of being at home. I cleared out some old papers, did some more work on my website, and a few other things for my coaching business that kept me busy. I gave myself permission, and that was tough; to relax and enjoy some television, read a book that was just for fun, and sleep in a bit longer.

I guess the point I’m trying to make here is that obstacles can and do get in the way of our optimism, our dreams, our goals, and desires and it’s what we do with these barriers that will make or break us. Life is full of temporary setbacks. It’s just a given.

What can or will you do to get through the obstacles?

Here are FIVE actions that helped me overcome some obstacles during a recent arctic adventure we had here in the Pacific Northwest.

Breathe – Take the time to think about the situation and then figure out what you can take control of and then act on it. Movement is essential! If we find ourselves stuck and frozen, the obstacle will eventually just feel bigger and possibly overwhelm us even more. So, get moving, even if it’s only to clean out a drawer.

Options –What are your options? List them all. Check the ones that seem achievable and cross off the ones that aren’t. Opening our minds up to the possibilities can bring mental clarity and a fresh perspective along with new ideas on how to overcome an obstacle. The more options you can give yourself, the quicker you’ll overcome the obstacle.

Acceptance – Wishing for things to be different can only take you so far. Denying that the problem exists can worsen the problem. Possible solutions, answers, and opportunities for growth are left unexplored. Truly, the best option is to acknowledge the circumstances and accept them as they are and allow that state-of-mind to assist in opening the windows and doors of solutions. Once you’ve made your list of options, you can take small steps towards achievement of the goal. Doing so will help keep you moving forward and can take away that sense of overwhelming circumstances. Think bite-sized pieces of a project, and you’ll be on your way to achieving your goals, as the bit sized pieces become bigger and bigger chunks accomplished. Leaving you feeling a sense of accomplishment.

Acceptance of what has happened is the first step to overcoming the
consequences of any misfortune – William James

Small steps – Once you’ve made your list of possible solutions, you can take small steps towards achievement of the goal. Doing so will help keep you moving forward and can take away that sense of overwhelming circumstances.  Think bite-sized pieces of a project, and you’ll be on your way to achieving your goals, as the bit sized pieces become bigger and bigger chunks accomplished. Leaving you feeling a sense of accomplishment.

Don’t Quit – Lastly, don’t quit! Throwing in the towel too soon will never bring the rewards of accomplishing the goal. Massive action is what it takes to overcome the greatest obstacles of life! Be persistent, persevere in the wake of fear and make a commitment to our self to stay consistent with what you desire. As the Nike slogan says, “Just Do It”!

If you fall behind, run faster. Never give up, never surrender, and rise up
 against the odds – Jesse Jackson

Ultimately, obstacles are life’s lessons thrown at us. Lessons teach us about ourselves. They can strengthen our resolve, boost us up for the life long journey ahead and help us to achieve success in anything we set our sights on having.

Solutions, answers, and opportunities for growth are left unexplored. Truly, the best option is to acknowledge the circumstances and accept them as they are and allow that state-of-mind to assist in opening the doors and windows toward change.

After many wonderful years in the fitness industry, I decided to become a “Heart Health Coach” and embark upon a career path that would add greater value to my current career and give me the opportunity to grow, refine and advanced my skills towards connection with my students and clients.

Consulting with a friend of mine, who’d been attending a life coaching program, I made the decision that a life coaching career seemed like the next best course. So, it began. July 1, 2014, I was officially a student in the Equine Gestalt Coaching Method (EGCM).

The EGCM program is equivalent to a master’s degree program with the educational components completed within a 24-month time frame. There are eight intensive hands-on CORE Workshops, where we do our personal work and learn a variety of coaching techniques, from the least complex to the very dramatically graded coaching work. We are also required to complete 48 private coaching sessions with one of the program’s coaches. Once all the academics, cores, and private coaching sessions completed, I sat for a comprehensive written exam. The exam takes four to five hours to complete, and each year we are required to complete continuing education credits each year to maintain certification.

There were many times, in the earlier parts of my training, that I felt some self-doubt and wondered, “Did I make the right choice in doing this program?” As I progressed through the program, my confidence grew, and I knew that I made the right choice. The EGCM program gave me tools I can use for anything I ever want to do in life; both personally and professionally. No regrets!

While in the program, I determined that my educational background and skill set to be perfect for the niche markets I wanted to provide coaching. Also, the greatest part of becoming a life coach is that I get to help people to achieve a different level of success and fulfillment in their lives in and out of the fitness industry. Heart health coaching being just one of the many things I can help people explore.

So, now when someone asks me what I do for a living I tell them that I am a heart health coach and fitness professional. I am a coach that provides an opportunity for a different kind of healing of the heart. Moreover, it all starts with an examination of the heart’s journey – bringing closure to the past and releasing that which holds the heart hostage. A healing through forgiveness of self and others, discovering ways to live a better life NOW and envisioning brighter tomorrows.

I would also tell you that I am a writer, a horsewoman and dedicated to helping women to achieve their greatest health and well-being.

If you or someone you know has survived the nightmare of a heart attack or lives in fear of the possibility of having another heart attack, please reach out to me and let’s head down the path of new beginnings and bring about the healing the hearts desires.

Teaching fitness for more than 25 years, I worked out a lot and ate healthy. Overeating was reserved for holiday feasts and social gatherings. I got away with the “scale shock” because I was working out and shedding those excess calories.

On occasion “over eating” just happened! A family favorite, hamburger gravy over mashed potatoes, forced me to undo the top button of my jeans. The “bloat” lasted all night long. I over-ate every time I prepared that meal.

Why? I cooked lots of food and regularly had left-overs. Was I afraid there wouldn’t be any left, or feared someone would get to the leftovers before I did?

I have crossed the mid-fifties mark. Those “extra calories” linger! So, knowing that, why do I still sometimes overeat?

Why Do You Stuff Yourself? –

It’s not Christmas or Thanksgiving, where second pieces of pie or overly large helpings of mashed potatoes are routine. It’s an ordinary day and you stuff yourself.

  • Do you ask yourself why?
  • Feel depressed or remorseful after eating?
  • Eat ’til you open the top button of your pants?
  • Compelled to clean your plate? Not enough for left overs, so you just eat the rest?
  • Overeat, knowing you’ll “pay for it” later?
  • Look for food when you aren’t hungry?
  • On medications that fuel your appetite?

Why do we stuff ourselves?

Our Food Journey –

Food is much more than fuel for some. Food can comfort, reduce stress, reduce boredom, calm nerves, numb anxiety, anger, sadness, etc. Eating is a way to hide from the world or from ourselves. Some forget to eat and some refuse to eat, fearing weight gain.

Emotional Eating –

Emotional eating is destructive, period! It fosters self-doubt, lowers self-esteem, takes our power, creates disease and disconnects us from body/mind and spirit. Emotional eating is a numbing agent! Stress is the norm in our hectic lives. Manufacturers create quicker, more highly processed foods. Genetically modified ingredients (GMO’s) are nearly unavoidable in our diets and sugar is in nearly everything.  Obesity is on the rise. So is SUGAR CRAVING!

To Stop Stuffing! –

  • Practice loving kindness toward yourself.
  • Alter language you use about your body.
  • Listen to body cues on hunger/thirst.
  • FULL? Push the plate away!
  • Avoid food tables at social gatherings.
  • Relax, breathe, enter the present moment.
  • Use a smaller plate/bowl.
  • Eat ONLY when hungry.
  • Chew food – savor it.
  • Have gratitude for the food you prepare and eat.
  • Find opportunities for self-nurture.
  • Identify triggers that lead to emotional eating.
  • Identify emotional needs and find healthier ways to meet them.
  • NEVER go all day without food.

Of course, the old saying “easier said than done” applies.

Changing eating habits isn’t merely about what you eat. What you purchase, what you cook and how. Processed foods are loaded with additives designed to push your “eat more” button.  Our cultural norm is “super-size”.

Social Gatherings –

According to Food Today, “Social influences on food intake refer to the impact that one or more persons has on the eating behavior of others, either direct or indirect, either conscious or subconscious. Even when eating alone, food choice is influenced by social factors because attitudes and habits develop through the interaction with others.

Research has shown that we eat more with our friends and family than when we eat alone and the quantity of food increases as the number of fellow diners grows.” (1)

 The Brain –

The Hypothalamus produces many essential hormones. Hormones governing functions such as THIRST, HUNGER, mood, sleep, sex drive and temperature regulation, among others.

“The Amygdala is an important part of the limbic system. The limbic system is comprised of various brain structures located above the brain stem. It is highly involved with our emotions, feelings of pleasure, and memories. The amygdala is involved with the processing of the emotions, memories, and motivation.” (2)


Ghrelin, a hormone produced by the hypothalamus and the stomach, increases prior to a meal and decreases after eating. This hormone signals hunger and is associated with food cravings. Leptin does the opposite. Its signals fullness. It also regulates energy expenditure and intake. It is produced by adipose (fat) tissue, and binds to specific receptors of the hypothalamus. (3)

When Ghrelin (hunger) and Leptin (satiation) hormones are out of balance the bodies signal for fuel and regulation of energy expenditure and intake are out of balance.

Herbs & Supplements

Controlling hunger is BIG business! It is tempting to hope herbs and supplements will stimulate the appetite or suppress it, avoiding weight gain.

Remember, not all claims are backed up by research. The FDA regulates dietary supplements, but manufacturers (typically drug companies) do NOT have to prove safety or effectiveness of supplements they sell. It’s a good idea to discuss using supplements with your health care professional.

Magnesium –

Thyroid Nation, writes “Magnesium Can Rescue Your Unbalanced Hormones”.

“Mag lowers blood sugar. Magnesium is so effective at sensitizing the insulin receptor that I refer to it as our ‘natural metformin’.

Insulin control means fewer sugar cravings. Healthy insulin sensitivity is important for weight loss and PCOS, and it prevents osteoporosis.” (4)

One Final Bit of Information –

Dr. David Kessler, author of The End of Overeating, On Why We Can’t Stop Eating clearly believes that –

  • Fats plus sugar
  • Fats plus salt
  • Fats plus sugar and salt

ALL culprits in stimulating food intake. There isn’t room in this blog to write more on his work, but I urge you to watch his YouTube videos and READ HIS BOOK.

  1. “Why we eat what we eat: social and economic determinants of food choice”, last modified on October, 2004 – Food Today

  1. “Amygdala’s Role in Emotion: Function, Overview, Chapter 7 / Lesson 19”, last modified on (no date given) –

  1. “The Role of the Hypothalamus in Hunger”, last modified on March 27 –

  1. “Magnesium Can Rescue Your Unbalanced Hormones”, last modified on April 28, 2016 –

Water the “Life Force” of our bodies. We can survive without food for sustained periods of time. Without water, we will perish quickly!

Some Facts –

Our bodies are made up of 50-78% water depending on your age and sex. Infants, percentage wise, are made up of more water than an adult. Women have less water, percentage wise, than men.

According to H.H. Mitchell, Journal of Biological Chemistry 158, our heart and brain are composed of 75% water, while our lungs are about 83% water. The skin is 64% water, our muscles and kidneys make up 79% and our bones contain 31% of water. (1)

What water does for us –

  • Aids in digestion (saliva) & converts our food into necessary components
  • Mucousal membranes are moistened
  • Cell growth and reproduction
  • Flushes out body waste (if not enough water the body will extract it from our poo – leaving our bodies to use poopy water)
  • Keeps joints lubricated
  • Body temperature regulation (sweating and respiration)
  • Delivers oxygen to the entire body
  • It is the major component to the body parts listed above and more
  • Utilized by the brain to manufacture appropriate hormones and neurotransmitters

What if we don’t get enough water? –

According to Randall K. Packer, a professor of biology at George Washington University there are many variable factors to determine a person’s survival time.

“For example, a child left in a hot car or an athlete exercising hard in hot weather can dehydrate, overheat and die in a period of a few hours.” (2)

Other factors, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and diminished sweat production are also dangerous. Sweating too much reduces the blood volume quickly contributing to severe dehydration or death.

If not faced with extreme conditions likelihood of survival without water is on average 3-days.

Signs of Dehydration –

Mild dehydration:

  • Saliva decreases
  • Decreased urine amount
  • Urine color darkens
  • Urine develops a strong odor
  • Impairs cognitive function

Moderate dehydration:

  • Mouth becomes dry
  • Urine decreases even more
  • Eyes become very dry
  • Rapid heartbeat

Severe dehydration:

  • No urine
  • Vomiting and diarrhea (which further accelerates dehydration)
  • Lethargy
  • Skin becomes blue-gray and cold to the touch

Shock is the final stage of dehydration. The blood pressure drops and death soon follows.

How much water should you drink & when to drink it? –

According to Dr. F. Batmanghelidj, M.D, “To better determine how much water you need each day, divide your body weight in half. The answer is the approximate number of water ounces you should drink daily. You should drink half of your body weight in ounces. If you weigh 200 pounds, you should drink 100 ounces’ water (3.13 quarts, 2.98 liters or about 10-12 cups of water a day). If you weigh closer to 100 pounds you will need only about 50 ounces of water or about four 12-ounce glasses daily.

Individuals who are physically active or live in hot climates may needs to drink more.” (3)

Tips for drinking more water –

  • Add fruit/vegetables/herbs to a water container (glass preferable). Experiment and find the flavors you like the best.
  • Drink a large glass of water first thing in the morning (before the coffee)
  • Drink a large glass of water about 15 to 30 minutes before every meal.
  • There are apps for your phone now that can help you keep track of your water intake. Just google water intake apps and you’ll find one for your phone type.
  • Keep a gallon jug (glass preferred) with you while you are at work.
  • Take water breaks whenever you can
  • Drink from a water bottle that indicates how many ounces there are.
  • Add a filter system to your tap water.

Can you over hydrate? –

The average person will more than likely not over hydrate themselves. However, the kidneys cannot excrete excess water during intense exercise. The excess water then moves into the cells; including the brain. The results could be fatal.

According to Dr. F. Batmanghelidj, M.D, “It is very important you balance your sodium intake with your water consumption. Take 1/4 teaspoon of salt per quart of water – every 4-5 glasses of water. Be sure to get sea salt. The best is Celtic sea salt or Himalayan sea salt, both of which are readily available at any health food store.” (4)

The bottom line is –

We cannot live without water. We do not function well without adequate amounts of water in our daily living. Staying hydrated is very healing and can prevent a lot of medical issues, such as headaches and joint pain.

For more information on the “Life Force” and the “Healing Benefits” of water. I recommend reading Dr. F. Batmanghelidj, “The Water Cure”.

  1. “The chemical composition of the adult human body and its bearing on the biochemistry” last modified May 1, 1945
  2. “How long can a personal survive without having water”, last modified December 9, 2002
  3. “The water cure – frequently asked questions, last modified 2008
  4. “The water cure – frequently asked questions, last modified 2008

Perhaps pre-menopausal symptoms will pass you by or maybe the symptoms will come in small poofs of spontaneous combustion, leaving you perspiring, but not in a way to truly disrupt your life OR it perhaps it will hit you all at once, leaving you to wonder if you are a candidate for “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.”

Night Sweats & Hot Flashes

My early premenopausal years were nights of… “Oh, dear God, not again”! I would crawl out of bed and head to the bathroom to splash cold water on my face. Often times, despite the cool temperatures in the house, I would stand in front of a fan while awaiting the internal fire to stop and the shivering to begin.

DURING THE WORST of the pre-menopausal monster, I would repeat the process every 90 minutes…sleep was not easy with the roller coaster of night sweats! Not getting sleep was making me grumpy, unforgiving of myself and others, and sex…what is that?

During the day time, spontaneous combustion episodes were my constant companion, leaving me to expose myself while stripping clothing off; no matter where I might be. When you see a woman, quickly disrobing in public, her face turning red and beads of perspiration forming on her entire body; it is a sure bet she is having her own personal summer.

Regardless of which road your body takes through the pre-menopausal years, it is not a medical condition or a disease to be treated; it is a naturally occurring phase of a healthy woman’s life — even if it feels like a monster looming over you. Keep the mantra, “this too shall pass”.

No pills and years of embracing my fitness journey were going to be the ticket to smooth sailing through the murky seas of perimenopause. Was I wrong!

AFTER, what seemed a lifetime of symptoms, I relented and headed to the doctor throwing away the idea of going through this stage of my life “the natural way.”

Pre-menopausal Symptoms

·        Dry Skin ·        Forgetfulness
·        Backache ·        Problems Sleeping
·        Lower sex drive ·        Lack of energy
·        Headaches ·        Hot flashes
·        Nervous tension ·        Night sweats
·        Fatigue ·        Dizziness
·        Insomnia ·        Vertigo
·        Palpitations ·        Weight GAIN
·        Constipation ·        Muscle weakness
·        Mood swings ·        Anxiety
·        Memory Loss ·        Vaginal dryness
·        Breast tenderness ·        Aching or stiff joints
·        Irregular periods ·        Discomfort during sex
·        Urine leakage ·        Urinary urgency

KEEP IN MIND that this is just a list of possibilities. Not all of these symptoms will occur and they are normal part of transitioning into menopause. The length of time a woman passes through the per-menopausal phase of life could be as little as a few shorts months. However, the average is 4 years and it could be as long as 10 years.

See your doctor to determine if you are indeed navigating through the pre-menopausal years.

The light at the end of the tunnel! Once you’ve completed 12 months without a menstrual cycle you will have moved to the stage of menopause and onto another phase of life.

How to combat the symptoms and find some comfort?

For a short period of time, as an alternative to HRT’s, taking a low dose birth control pill or other birth control methods can reduce symptoms associated with pre-menopausal symptoms. Check with your doctor to determine if this is the right treatment for you.

You may also find some relief with…

  • A regular exercise routine
  • Routine sleep cycles
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Making sure your calcium levels are adequate
  • If you smoke – QUIT
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Healthy eating habits
  • Mind/Body relaxation (Yoga, Pilates, Tai Chi, Meditation, etc.)
  • Limit sugar (simple carbs)

Each of us will experience a different journey through the pre-menopausal years. Some will choose HRT’s, other might find relief with over the counter remedies (talk with your doctor — there are plenty of them), and/or changes in diet and exercise. Educate yourself on treatment options. Experiment and find what works for you. Be patient with yourself and ask those important people in your life to be patient as well. There is a light at the end of the journey and the menopausal years can be glorious.

My doctor, a woman, encouraged me to meet with an OB/GYN and consider Hormone Replacement Therapy. I did and that didn’t last for long! What evolved is another story in itself! See my blog on heart disease.


It was a cold, and dark Monday morning in February. I stepped off the front porch to drive to work and as I did, I stumbled backwards as if I’d just been kicked in the chest. Horrible pain! I thought, “Am I having a heart attack”?! No, I wasn’t, but what was it?

  • Angina (Stable or Unstable)
  • Psychological Disorders That Can Cause Chest Pain
  • Esophageal Spasms, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Broken Heart Syndrome (Takotsubo Syndrome)
  • Pulmonary Embolism (blood clot in the lung)
  • Aortic Dissection (tear in the wall of the aorta)
  • Musculoskeletal Pain (1)

Read about each one of the above conditions here.

Once the initial pain subsided, I walked to my vehicle denying that I could be having a heart attack.

The pain was still present when I arrived at work. Now I’m thinking, “if I pass out or have a heart attack, someone can call 911”, so I went up to the secretary’s office. She was out. As I made my way to the classroom, the pain subsided. I made it through the Pilates class, so I was good, right? Next on the agenda – teach a cardio class. I’m in the warm-up phase and start to get right shoulder and chest pain. If I slowed down, the pain went away. I did that three times and I made it through the class. Later that day, my doctor ordered an EKG and told me all was fine. She suggested I see an OBGYN.

Delay in Treatment –

Why do so many women delay seeking treatment? Why did I?

Heart and Stroke Foundation lists the following reasons for delay in seeking treatment: (2)

  • A period of uncertainty (patient attributes their symptoms to another health condition)
  • Denial or dismissal of symptoms
  • Seeking assistance/second opinion of someone such as a friend or family member
  • Recognition of severity of symptoms with feelings of defeat
  • Seeking medical attention, then
  • Acceptance

The truth? The longer you delay in seeking treatment, the closer you are to death from a heart attack. Author and blogger for My Heart Sister’s, Carolyn Thomas wrote. “Treatment delay is the period of time between the onset of symptoms and actively getting appropriate help, and it can be divided into these three phases:

  1. decision time– the period from the onset of acute symptoms to the decision to seek care (for example, calling 911)
  2. transport time– the period from the decision to seek care to arrival at the Emergency Department
  3. therapy time– the period from arrival at the Emergency Department to the start of medical treatment

Only the first phase is the one YOU have complete control over. Don’t blow it.(3)

 Why did I delay in seeking treatment? Denial was first on my list. Second, a classroom of students counting on me. Third, I’d been teaching fitness for 20 plus years and didn’t have any risk factors. My BP was great; my cholesterol was 136. What was wrong?

Heart Attack Signs & Symptoms in Women

The American Heart Association says:

  1. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
  2. Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  3. Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  4. Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
  5. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom ischest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

If you have any of these signs, call 9-1-1 and get to a hospital right away. (4)

More on My Story! –

I was having all the signs and symptoms of heart disease but I was pronounced okay! Tired of feeling awful; I gave in to my doctor, went to an OBGYN and started HRT’s.

Within a few days of the initial pain episode, I still had exercise induced chest pain. I was tired, had a constant uneasy feeling, shortness of breath and mood swings.

I sought more medical help. The doctor that saw me was an older and wiser gentleman. His words, that day, are still with me. “My dear, I think you are having Angina”. He ordered a chest x-ray and EKG. I waited in the exam room for the results. They weren’t good, I was ordered to go directly to the hospital.

In the ER, they ran blood work. No heart attack…what was wrong with me? They didn’t know. I was admitted to the hospital!

The next morning, I failed a stress test, miserably. I was taken to the Cardiac Cath Lab where a stent was placed in my left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). I had gone from a blip on the EKG (which wasn’t detected) to a full 90% blockage in six weeks’ time.

One week after my surgery I was back to running and teaching. I could breathe. It felt good to be alive and free of pain. Why did this happen? What did I do wrong? How could my doctor, despite my telling her for six months that something is wrong, ignore me?

Heart Disease Prevention –

  • Quit Smoking
  • Exercise Regularly – 30 to 60 minutes all or most days of the week is recommended.
  • Lose weight
  • Reduce & Manage Stress
  • Lower Blood Pressure
  • Increase HDL Cholesterol (the good cholesterol)
  • Eat Healthy – more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish, nuts and low-fat dairy. (Vegan is also a great option)
  • Avoid red meat
  • Avoid sugar and processed foods
  • Avoid foods high in sodium (no more than 2,400 mgs of sodium a day is recommended)

Heart disease, the NUMBER ONE killer of women! Individually, we can change our own daily habits in the prevention of heart disease. Collectively, we can reach a broader audience. Join me in the fight against Heart Disease and reach out to your local AHA.

Watch this video on “Just a Little Heart Attack!”

  1. “”, last modified January 27, 2015
  2. “Women play dangerous waiting game with heart symptoms,” Heart & Stroke Foundation, last modified October 28, 2014
  3. “6 reasons women delay seeking medical help – even in mid-heart attack,” Carolyn Thomas, HeartSisters, last modified December 20, 2015
  4. “Heart Attack Signs in Women,” American Heart Association, last modified October 19, 2015